clothing

Fashion History – Clothing of the Middle Ages in Western Europe

Posted on

The Middle Ages encompasses the time from the Fall of the Roman Empire in 400 CE until the beginning of the Renaissance, around 1500 CE.

Clothing of the Early Middle Ages, or Dark Ages, was basically a tunic and under tunic, both sewn from a cross shaped piece of fabric that was folded and hand stitched. Later, the tunic was cut in two pieces, then four piece for a better fit.

Peasants and serfs made their clothes at home of wool and hemp. The shearing, and cleaning of the wool; the spinning, and weaving was a long drawn out chore before the invention of the spinning wheel and the horizontal loom. But the garment were durable and long lasting. One garment could last a life time.

While the upper classes and aristocracy wore basically the same type of clothing, their under tunics were made of linen which was made for them by workers. Upper class women sewed tunics at home and some were made by professional tailors.

Due to the loss of trade that followed the end of the Roman Empire, trade was minimal, so the importation of fine fabrics was expensive and rare. But finer weaves, borders, and embellishments made for better clothing for the elite.

After the invention of the horizontal loom and spinning wheel, the manufacture of clothing became easier. These technological improvements made finer clothing more available and affordable. The Crusades introduced silk, damask, and other luxurious fabrics and designs into Europe. And when Marco Polo's adventures heralded a new interest in the Far East, trade increased, creating greater availability of textiles, design ideas, and new patterned fabric to Europe.

Clothing worn by the nobility and merchants began to change, introducing the concept of fashion. While the Church dictated certain aspects of dress for modesty, such as veils for women, alterations in the in the types of fabrics used varied the styles that became popular. Women wore veils made of sheer muslin, interwoven with golden threads. Gowns became more ornate with variations in the neckline, sleeves, and hem lengths.

The establishment of guilds and improvements in the manufacture of clothing created an upwardly mobile middle class able to emulate the clothing styles of the upper class. New styles emerged including the elaborate head dresses of the later Middle Ages. The head dresses that looked like horns were wildly popular for a generation, as was the classic fairy tale princess style of hat called a hennin. A hennin was a tall, conical hat worn with a veil, a style much identified with the Middle Ages.

The later Middle Ages saw women's gowns grow trains, and sleeves elongated so that long flaps reached the ground.

The changing of style and middle class interest in emulating the clothing styles of the elite created what we think of today as fashion.

Source Article

fashion

The Snap Jewelry Concept – Idea That Can Help Maximize Profits

Posted on

When I started my jewelry designing career, I did not know where it would take me. I did not even know if I would be able to sell my first set of creations. Times were difficult for me, but I knew I had to start from somewhere. The first few pieces of jewelry that I created didn't really make me much profit. But, at least it gave me an idea that if I have better designs, I will be able to taste success someday.

I would search the internet for unique designs that would appeal to most buyers. I had to keep in mind that not everyone can afford expensive jewelry and therefore it is not worthwhile spending in jewelry supplies and beads that are too costly. I had to keep my expenses really low to be able to maximize my profit. I joined some groups on social networking sites so I could learn more about this business. We shared all sorts of ideas related to jewelry making and as time went by, I found out about the snap jewelry concept.

At first, the idea did appeal to me, but since it was becoming popular by the day, I decided to give it a try. The snap jewelry concept is really simple, but fascinating. It is basically an interchangeable jewelry concept where you can mix and match from a range of fashion snaps to create a unique look. The fashion snaps are button like charms that you can snap in and out of jewelry such as rings, bracelets and necklaces. They are available in a wide range of colors, shapes, sizes, styles and patterns.

So if you have one bracelet, you can create more than a hundred different looks with it just by changing the snap buttons. This means you can change the snaps to match your outfit.

Considering the kind of benefits this kind of interchangeable jewelry concept has, I took a risk and ordered wholesale snap buttons. I decided to make my own bracelets, rings and necklaces and instead of selling them as individual jewelry pieces, I decided to include sets of snap buttons in the package as well. So if I created one bracelet that had 3 snap buttons, I included 12 more snap buttons and sold them as a pack. The idea was to enable buyers to mix and match the buttons conveniently. My buyers did not have to look around for matching sized buttons as everything they need to create the look was included in the pack.

The first few packs I sold online went really well so I decided to continue with this idea. For every bracelet, ring or necklace I sold, I included batches of snap buttons. Women and girls loved what I offered to them and this is how I was able to maximize my profits with the snap jewelry concept.

Source Article

beauty

Look Like Selena Gomez All Day Long: The Flawless Beauty And Make Up Tips By Experts

Posted on

Looking flawless in front of the camera or during a public appearance is a daunting job itself. How do you know that you are looking good? Can you be simply overwhelmed by the praises you get? Or the amazing clicks maybe? Well, everyone needs to spend some more during the makeup session before getting ready for a public appearance. Let’s consider an example of Selena Gomez. She looks splendid and divine in front of the shutters. Her makeup looks flawless yet natural. Not only that, she wears only those things that perfectly suits her. Her cute little face and sugar-like smile not only make her adorable, but she has the capacity to transform her from informal to alluring, flaunting several combinations of styles.

Now you may ask how does she manage to look gorgeous always. Maybe she can buy some expensive designer clothes but the professional makeup artists complete her look with a new level of expertise. Only a professional understands your skin type and skin tone better than you. That’s why your newly bought foundation looks matte on you as you don’t know your own skin tone.

Those who have been in a makeup company or with a makeup artist, you would have amazed by the hundreds of products they use to create a perfect celebrity flawless look!

The first things you need to create an amazing look:

  • A perfect foundation creates a wonderful look for women to get the perfect base. Although choosing the best one can be tricky for the occasional users the best way to choose the shade that matches your skin tone. To create a darker shade, you can add one shade darker concealer.
  • Get a good blusher as a clever makeup investment. It can make your face look naturally radiant. The best tip to follow is to get blusher 2 shades darker than your original skin tone. For perfect blush on, always remember, a little can do more.
  • Eye-liner is the revolutionary makeup tool for a woman while wearing eye makeup. It can easily change your look from a casual day-out to an alluring night appearance. Get winged dramatic eyes like Selena Gomez. Surely, you will be the center of attraction at the party!
  • Who can forget about the lipsticks? It is really the most popular trendsetters among fashion icons. Wear a dark wine red shade to keep with the alluring party theme. Or sport your nude lips confidently just like Selena Gomez during a sunny day out with friends.

Want to get the Selena Gomez look?

Selena’s style statement is all over the map; above all, being a performer she can confidently pull off every fashion trend. Better you opt for a complete make up course. The never-ending list of advanced courses will make you amazed. LVC Training Courses available in LV College are best known for their artistic knowledge. The trainers are experienced and been selected based on their creativity and skill that can bring you the best beauty education.

Source

clothing

Men’s Fashion – 5 Steps to Painless Shopping for Business Attire

Posted on

Are you a guy who loves to shop? Or would you rather do anything than spend an afternoon buying business clothing?

If you avoid the mall like the plague, this article gives you 5 steps to shopping for a smart looking business wardrobe.

1. Survey your closet. Instead of making haphazard purchases, go through your closet to see what you need. If you are like most men, you hate the thought of doing this. Here’s how to do it quickly and easily. Enlist the help of a sympathetic female – your girlfriend, wife, friend, sister or cousin. Make sure this woman has a good eye for fashion, and can help you decide what looks good on you, and what is detracting from a professional business image.

2. Make a plan. Decide what items are highest on your priority list. These may be items you don’t currently have, such as a suit or dress shirt for a job interview. Or they may be items that are outdated, that don’t fit you well, or that don’t meet your work needs. For example, if you’ve changed jobs and now work in a more conservative environment, you may need a new jacket or two. But if your company has a new business casual policy, a few sweaters or polo shirts can update your business wardrobe.

3. Do your market research. Scout out a few stores to find out what kind of men’s wear they carry. It is mainly suits? More casual wear? What is the price range? Do they accept all the major credit cards, or only their store cards? If you are on a budget, it’s important to find this out before you fall in love with a designer suit that’s way out of your range.

4. Know your finances. Decide on your priorities, and how much money you can spend before you go shopping. Even if money is not a problem, when you buy clothes, especially suits, the price can rise quickly when you add the shirts, ties and accessories to match. Deciding ahead of time what you are looking for can help you resist sales pressure once you’re in the store.

5. Know your body type. If you aren’t sure, ask a good sales person, or your female shopping companion, to help you discover what looks good on you. Even small changes in style can make a huge difference in how the clothes fit you, and the impression you make.

Source Article

clothing

How Long Does It Take to Become a Fashion Designer?

Posted on

The question many aspiring young artists with a flair for fashion often ask is, “How long does it take to become a fashion designer?” The answer differs according to the individual, but there are some standards that can be set so that anyone who wishes to enter the industry and become successful in it can have some idea of what to do and how long to wait before he or she can launch a clothing line and start getting public attention.

Starting as Early as Possible

Students in high school should already have some idea of what they want to do in life, so if an interest in fashion is already apparent as early as fourteen years old, students can already start taking classes to get a jump start on training. There are art and design classes, home economics, sewing and tailoring, pattern-making and other fashion-related classes that high schools offer. If not, community colleges and other institutions are always open for students who are interested in taking classes like these.

After high school, how long does it take to become a fashion designer in the professional sense? Tertiary education is the next step in order for anyone to truly earn a niche in fashion. Four year bachelor courses in fashion design are offered in major colleges and universities, so are two year associate degrees. More prestige means a bachelor’s degree, but those who wish to finish their education in a shorter time may still enroll in associate courses. These courses give students the necessary background and knowledge and hone their skills in order for them to progress.

Getting into the Industry

After graduation, the logical step to answer the question how long does it take to become a fashion designer is to enter the industry. This can be done either through an internship or by getting employed as an assistant or any entry-level job, preferably with a big company or well-known fashion name. This way, a student can maximize the experience and learn a lot that can later be applied. Depending on how long the contract is, or how well a person does, this can take anywhere from two years to until the aspiring designer reaches middle age. New fashion designers can even opt to enter amateur contests in order to show the world what they can do.

For those who are just beginning, starting as soon as high school may knock a few years off the training process, so that it is possible to have gained the necessary education and experience in the early to mid-twenties. For those who found their passion later in life, it can take as little as five years if the person is really determined and has the proper drive to succeed, and as much as ten years if the individual stays longer with a fashion company or label. In the end, the only person who can tell how long does it take to become a fashion designer is himself or herself, as success …

fashion

Strategic Muscle Building For A Calvin Klein Model – Workout Routine

Posted on

It comes to no surprise that there is a growing movement away from the bodybuilding mentality. Many people would much rather have slim and fit bodies that resemble famous movie actors and models over massive bodybuilders. The desire to have a “GQ” look will not only help them look good in a suit, but on the beach as well. Over sized gym rats simply can’t do that. So what is it about the models of Calvin Klein that seem to personify the “Hollywood Look?” What does a Calvin Klein models workout routine consist of that most programs don’t?

Strategic Muscle Building To Create The Desired Look

Take a moment and evaluate the features of a Calvin Klein model. They have a decent amount of muscle mass but with very low body fat levels. Their muscles also look like they are constantly in a flexed state which is commonly known as muscle density. I guarantee that 95% of gym goers work out and harder and longer than they do, but don’t even come close to a visually stunning physique. Is it from good genetics? Do they have an exceptional trainer? What if they actually have a strategic muscle building program that will sculpt the proper physique? They need to look chiseled at any moment for a photo shoot, so what do they do different than everyone else?

It Is Not A Crime To Skip Out On The “Big 3”

The “Big 3” comes from the foundational exercises that are pumped out of the big bodybuilder magazines and forums. They consist of squats, dead lifts, and bench press. They do a great job of adding mass but will ruin the look of a model. Calvin Klein models have a very slim and toned physique. Having excess mass in the hips, thighs, midsection, and butt will not allow them to model fashionable clothes. Their legs are ripped but they also carry a slim waist. This can be done by skipping squats and dead lift. Tough cardio will sculpt a much leaner lower body without the bulk. Don’t worry you are not committing a “bodybuilding” crime by skipping out on your legs.

Upper Body Muscle Mass To Polish Off The Look

Most of their muscle mass is in the upper body but with a few exceptions. Calvin Klein models focus on the upper and inner chest muscles because it will sculpt a square and angular chest. This is why I would suggest dropping the traditional bench press and incorporate inclines only. The reasoning behind this is that the lower pecs tend to grow larger and faster than the upper portion. Paying too much attention on lower chest workouts can cause the muscles to sag which can resemble that of women’s breasts. Calvin Klein models also have arms that have a decent amount of size with wide, ripped shoulders. Wide shoulders with a tapered waist, creates a “V” in the upper body that every model needs. It is also important to notice that these models …

clothing

Kids Clothing 101: Fashion Trends in Kid Clothes

Posted on

The importance of kids clothing is on the rise. Now more than ever, a child’s creativity is showcased in his or her wardrobe, and whether your child makes all their own outfit decisions or you as a parents just want to see your son or daughter looking their best, this year there is plenty of inspiration to go around.

Designers are now apprehending the growing demand for kids clothing lines after a number of sons and daughters of celebrities were spotted in brand-name threads. The economy-minded styles of last year are being replaced by pricier takes on kids clothes. Copycats will look to luxury fabrics to imply the expensive label look.

The coming autumn chill will inevitably give rise to a myriad of winter wear, and this year we can look forward to clothes like velvet coats, suede boots, fur (or faux) lining, silk sweaters and kimonos, and knit dresses. Last year’s big trend in cutesy ‘kawaii’ Japanese-inspired clothing is giving way to a more historical inspiration: geisha robes and dolly shoes. If, like most parents, your budget doesn’t have much room to swath your child in lavish fabrics, there are a number of ways to stay on the cutting-edge of fashionable kids clothes without compromising your wallet.

Sticking to a more classic style of clothes for kids is a great way to stay out of the high-demand and high-price items while still looking great. With a growing child, frequent trips to the mall is not only costly, it can also be hard on the planet. Eco-friendly clothing for kids is on the rise; sustainable materials such as hemp, bamboo, and organic cotton fabrics satisfy the environmentally conscious parent.

Often these green fabrics specialize in tried-and-true kids clothing styles. Earthy looks such as utility jackets, dark denims, knits, and leggings for kids are always in for the smart and trendy shopper. Scandinavian knits and stripes continue to be a staple in winter kids clothes. Pattern mixing, the modern hallmark of a developing and experimental style, is one trend still going strong in kids clothing, and it’s also a cost-effective way to create new outfits. Striped tights, flowered dresses, and plaid shirts will be seen often, and often together! Sprinkle in a new burst of popularity in 80s accessories like sequins, bobbers, hair bands, and plastic bracelets–perfect for the tactile and trendy child, safe enough to satisfy mom–and you’ll have a child even chic grownups will be looking to for fashion inspiration.

Source Article

fashion

Top Ten Fashion Trends From the 1940’s

Posted on

Rationing:

World War II impacted virtually every aspect of American life and fashion was no exception. In 1942, the United States imposed a rationing system similar to the one Great Britain had implemented the previous year, limiting, among other things, the amount of fabric that could be used in a single garment. Materials including wool, silk, leather and a fledgling DuPont Corp. invention called nylon were diverted for use in uniforms, parachutes, shoelaces and even bomber noses.

Jackets could be no more than 25 inches in length, pants no more than 19 inches in circumference at the hem, belts no more than two inches wide and heels no more than an inch in height. Hemlines rose to the knee in an effort to conserve fabric. Buttons, cuffs, pockets and decorative details like ruffles and lace were used sparingly. Women wore shorter, boxy jackets for a V-shaped silhouette reminiscent of military uniforms. Even Hollywood traded elaborate costumes for simplified designs, a move many claimed lent movies a new air of realism.

Nylon:

As soon as it was introduced in 1938, women embraced synthetic nylon as a replacement for silk stockings. In the early 1940s, however, with silk already diverted to the war effort, the government recognized similar uses for nylon and commandeered it as well. Women responded by coating their legs in tan makeup and drawing lines up the backs of their calves to mimic seams. By the time the war ended and stockings returned to store shelves, nylon had become a generic term for hosiery.

Swing skirts.

The swing skirt had a round cut designed to look best in full jitterbug twirl. Swing skirts were a common sight on USO dance floors as young women danced with uniformed men to the jazzy horns that characterized the Big Band Era. Housewives were known to wear a more conservative version of the swing dress, sometimes in polka-dot or tiny floral prints.

Hats:

Hats became one of the few ways to express individual style with minimal resources. They were worn in a wide range of styles and personalized with scraps of foil, sequins, netting, paper and string.

Hair and makeup:

Hairstyles became more elaborate as women sought ways to contrast their dull wardrobes. Shoulder length or longer hair was rolled into complex shapes and secured with bobby pins. Screen sirens like Lauren Bacall, Veronica Lake and Rita Hayworth popularized side parts and finger waves. Makeup was dramatic, characterized by matte foundation, powder, heavy brows and bright scarlet lips.

Platform pumps:

The wartime shortage of leather and steel forced shoe designers to get more creative and, as a result, shoes were cobbled from materials ranging from crocodile hide to cork. Shoes were more utilitarian than stylish, with low heels and limited color choices. By the mid to late 1940s, platform pumps with high heels in T-straps, ankle straps or open toes had replaced the dowdy wedgie with its flat shape and thick cork soles.

Menswear as womens wear:

A number of men may have …

beauty

The Effects of Fashion Style to Females

Posted on

Fashion has great influence to all females over the years because females are more into fashion styles than men. To females, fashion is a statement and determines your own personality by portraying your different styles. Fashion should be unique in every individual, however because of media influences fashion style has created a common denominator which most people imitate to become like the “supermodels”. Fashion style its has positive and negative effects to females. We will determine first the negative effects of fashion style and we will re-enforce it with positive effects.

Negative effects of fashion style

Identity. Your identity is affected with fashion style because you tend to follow what is stereotypical in the fashion world. Fashion industry created a stereotyped supermodels who are labelled to beautiful with their thin physique. Most females worked so hard just to achieve that supermodel figure, because of their misconception about being beautiful. To them a little meat is fat and being fat is not beautiful.

Financial Deficit. Stereotypical is what’s going on with fashion style. You often buy branded clothes that are very expensive and you tend to spend more beyond what you earn just to be up to date with fashion style and you end up broke or even in debt.

Peer pressure among teen females. Fashion style has influence on many young teenage girls, if you don’t wear the latest clothing from famous brands like Abercrombie and Fitch, Chanel or Dolce & Gabbana, it simply means you are not “IN” and you cannot be part of the popular girls group in your school. This adds pressure to young girls to become part of a group that more often will result to low self esteem and even depression.

Positive effects of fashion style (re-enforcement of negative effects)

Identity. In contrary to the negative effects, style will definitely help you become creative and unique with different style that will fit your personality and lifestyle. It is a matter of understanding how fashion can influence you in a positive way. It also a matter of personal choice whether or not you will follow what the media has branded beautiful. Fashion is about your own personal style, it not about looking the same like the supermodels. You can be beautiful with curves as long as you feel good inside. Beauty comes from within.

Avenue for savings. With a gigantic variety of different styles, your wardrobe will not go out of style. You can mix and match, and add a little accessories, your old will become something new and trendy. You don’t need to spend extra money to buy for super expensive branded clothing just to be “in” with fashion. Creativity is all you need with a little help tips from the experts and you will create a fashion statement in your own little way.

Be Confident. Becoming a popular is not an issue as long as you are confident with your looks. Fashion is not all about expensive designer clothes. There are more brands that …

beauty

The Difference Between A Model And A Beauty Queen

Posted on

There is a huge difference between beauty pageants and modelling. Pageant kids are brought up believing that the spotlight is all about them; how they look, what they can do and how they come across as an individual. They are taught to sell themselves. Unfortunately, in the real fashion world, it is all about the product and selling the product. Although fashion and runway models do need to have specific aesthetic qualities and certain skills, their main purpose is to make a product look good, excite the customer and make them want to buy.

Pageant mums are known for being extremely competitive. They all want to be at the top of the game, knowing the most about the industry, winning the most titles and crowns and having the most beautiful, talented, world-peace loving child in the whole entire world. But what these mums don’t realise is that they are selling their children false hope when they promise them that, one day, all of the late rehearsals, dance classes, American history lessons and hair tugging will be worth it. This is not the case. So many young pageant princesses dreams are crushed when they discover that all those years of intense training; skipping rhythmically down the runway, smiling all teeth bared and cutely flipping their hair as they wink and flirt with the audience, has actually moulded them into exactly what a fashion agency is not looking for in a high-fashion model.

A huge amount of time, effort and money is put into beauty pageants. A lot of pageant mums will hire pageant coaches and dance coaches, both at a great cost. They will then spend a fortune on outfits for each of the different rounds. Elaborate, custom-made ball gowns, one of a kind swimwear pieces, costumes, props and stage fixtures for the talent show, crowning gowns etc. Then there’s the foot high, 30 inch long hair pieces, custom moulded dental flippers to hide any baby/imperfect teeth, copious pairs of diamond encrusted shoes, fake lashes, jar after jar and tube after tube of bright pink blusher, thick stage foundation, lipstick and glitter. All of this is used to enhance the pageant princess’ features, body and overall image and make them look as un-lifelike as possible, all in the hope of being crowned Queen of Pageant.

Fashion designers will also invest an enormous amount of time, effort and money into a fashion show for their clothing. This money will be spent on lighting, sound engineers, stage support, models, stylists and hair and make-up artists, all geared towards ensuring that their clothes attract the audience of buyers and celebrities.

Unlike pageant girls, runway models do not try to steal the show. The point of a fashion show is to sell clothes, not people. If the model blew kisses, danced around the stage like a fairy, distracting the audience and did not make the dress look good, the designer would not sell their clothes and therefore not have a business. This is why pageant …