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Sterling Silver and Brass – The Most Common Jewelry Making Metals

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If you are going to be making metal jewelry your are going to use sterling silver or brass at some point. Do you know what the difference is between sterling silver and silver? Or what an alloy is? If you are going to use these jewelry making materials for any project, from making brass charms to coin pendants, you should know their characteristics.

First, lets take some time to understand what an alloy is. Both brass and sterling silver are alloys. Alloys consist of two metals in combination, such as sterling silver (silver and copper), are called binary alloys. A combination of three metals-gold, silver, and copper-forms 14-karat gold, is a ternary alloy. There are also 4 metal and 5 metal alloys called quaternary and quinary alloys.

Sterling silver is an alloy created by combining.925 parts if pure silver and.725 parts pure copper. You may sometimes hear about Mexican silver. This is an alloy that is.950 parts pure silver and the rest copper. Both types of silver are subject to oxidation when heated. In normal conditions the alloy (sterling silver) reacts much faster to oxidation than the pure metal (silver). The normal oxide that is produced on the metal when heated is a sulfide film. Other oxides that silver alloys produce are cupric and cuprous, because of the presence of copper in the alloy.

The melting point of sterling silver is 100 degrees less than pure silver at 1640 degrees Fahrenheit. When the metal hardens, it can be returned to a soft working stage by annealing.

Brass is an alloy of copper and zinc with the zinc being in percentages anywhere from between 10 to 40 for different degrees of hardness. Though brass is a hard metal, it is extremely malleable. Brass is a yellow color when cool and a salmon color when molten. The melting point of brass ranges from 1600 to 1849 degrees Fahrenheit.

Brass is used for primarily inexpensive jewelry and trophies, especially with the sky rocketing price of gold and silver in today’s market place.

As you use jewelery findings like brass charms, sterling silver bead, brass coin pendants and more you make want to customize them to fit your needs. As your jewelry making skills expand, so will the complexity of you jewelry designs. Even though you will be purchasing prefabricated jewelery findings, you may want to customize them to suite your needs. By understanding their properties, you can do so.

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Bullyland Europasaurus Dinosaur Model Reviewed

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Bullyland Prehistoric World Europasaurus Dinosaur Model

It is not often a dinosaur gets named after an entire continent but there are three instances that spring to mind. Firstly, there is Antarctosaurus (although its fossils have not been found in Antarctica), secondly, there is Australovenator, whose fossils do come from Australia and now we have Europasaurus, a long-necked dinosaur from Germany.

Fossils from Lower Saxony

A Dutch amateur fossil collector exploring a limestone quarry in Lower Saxony came across the fossilised remains of approximately a dozen dinosaurs in 1998. It was thought that all the dinosaurs represented babies, as the bodies ranged in size from under two meters long to a fraction over six meters in length. These were herbivorous Sauropods, a group of prehistoric animals that includes the mighty Brachiosaurus, classification and Apatosaurus, yet since these fossilized skeletons were so small it was thought this must be the fossilised remains of a crèche of youngsters. Only when a researcher from the University of Bonn, who was conducting research into how quickly baby Sauropods grew, examined the skeletons was it discovered that the fossils of the larger individuals represented adult animals. A new genus of Late Jurassic Sauropod was established and Europasaurus holgeri came into being. This dinosaur was officially named and described in 2006.

A Miniature Sauropod Dinosaur

The fossils of Europasaurus were found in marine deposits. It seems this small member of the Dinosauria, one of the smallest members of the Sauropoda assigned to date, was a dwarf form. Land cut off from the mainland of Europe formed an island chain about 154 million years ago, the islands continued to shrink as the sea level rose and populations of dinosaurs marooned on these shrinking landmasses had to adapt to environments with fewer resources. Over many generations, the huge, long-necked Sauropods that were the ancestors of Europasaurus evolved into miniature versions. Being smaller these dinosaurs needed less food to sustain them, a good thing when on an island with limited food resources.

The Europasaurus Dinosaur Model

The replica represents the known fossil material well. It shows the longer forelimbs compared to the hind-limbs, so typical of a Brachiosaurid Sauropod. The model has been nicely painted with a light tan color on the flanks with darker stripes and spots – excellent camouflage for a forested environment. The dinosaur model measures around twenty-five centimetres in length so it works well to the scale of other, larger figures representing much larger Sauropod dinosaurs.

Domed Skull of a Brachiosaur

The model makers have been careful to depict their dinosaur model with a domed skull, just like other Brachiosaur replicas made by Bullyland of Germany and it is great to see a German dinosaur being made by a German company.

"Europe's Lizard"

As for being named after a continent, Europasaurus means "Europe's Lizard", a reference to the European fauna known to have existed at the end of the Jurassic geological period. The species name honors the Dutch fossil collector who first found the fossils of …

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Latest SUV Model: The 2014 Land Rover Range Rover Sport

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Most car models come with all-new features that are introduced based from their own predecessor's characteristics. For the case of 2014 Land Rover Range Rover Sport, it is being released with even more strength and is distinctive among the other two models Evoque and Range Rover. It may share some common DNA with those, but what make it stand out are the unique parts it does have, giving a big impact on the look and the feel of it.

The 2014 Range Rover Sport is a luxury for the new era of sports SUV enthusiasts. It is being said to be established as a desirable and sustainable powerhouse British brand. When compared to its previous model, it is known to have more aerodynamic at eight percent and having an achievable Cd 0.34 drag figure. The luxury of it is so obvious with its progressive and bold design of the exteriors. That's not yet even talking about the interiors and engine powers.

Giving a bold highlight on the model's DNA, the key elements it does have are the horizontal feature lines of the body, the wheel arch graphic that's so powerful and the rocker molds which are designed to be unique. And not to forget, it comes along with the clamshell bonnet showing the brand's signature. The new model that is being introduced to us for 2014 is a lot lighter, more comfortable and fun to drive along than the rest of the older models.

Let's take a closer look at the features:

Eight-speed automatic all-wheel drive
New engine platform and styling
340 horsepower supercharged engines from V-8 to V6
New aluminum unibody
7 seating capacity
Lighter weight
Less fuel consumption
LED front and rear lamps

Most customers come for different design options, and they can expect to see various interior themes with 11 varied colors. They could as well decide for a seat color they want. There are 4 options of interior aluminum finishes and 3 options for the real wood veneers. Customers can pick any of the 3 choices of headliner colors. What's nice about this model is that it gives one the chance of not having too many other people owning the same color of the same model, and that's because there are 19 exterior color paint options with 3 different exterior accent varieties. The roof can be any of the Santorini Black, Corris Gray or Indus Silver.

Shifting back to its performance rather than just the look and feel, these Range Rover Sport cars are very easy to operate and intuitive. Its acceleration allows it to traverse the toughest terrain or lets you enjoy the simplicity of the smoothest roads. And more to that, let's not fail to mention that its off-road capabilities are excellent due to the fact that it can even go and wade through around 33 inches of water. Isn't that amazing?

While the back seats at the third row are designed for limited use, families who go for a long road trip bring …

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Tips For Buying a Model Steam Engine Kit

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Model Steam Engine kits are on the list of toys and collectables. In these toys, water is heated up in the boiler for producing steam to move the engine. In the market, you can buy different types of model steam engine kits, such as model trains as well as the stationary ones. Let's know more about these systems.

Stationary Engines

Some collectors are into stationary engines that comprise small engines. Mostly, they are used for educational purposes. Moreover, they are available in various materials like steel or wood. However, brass is the most commonly used for making the boiler. The reason is that brass is cost-effective and can work well in lower temperature and pressure of the little stationary engines.

For bigger models, steel is another popular choice. Some stationary engines have LED lights that show the production of the steam power. Other models are called low temperature models and offer added safety.

Pre-Milled Kits

When buying a stationary model steam engine kit, you should first find out if it is machined or pre-milled kit. In a pre-milled kit, the parts are already threaded, drilled, milled and turned. This means that the user can complete the kits with different tools, such as files, spanners and screwdrivers. These kits are popular and don't require you to be at a workshop to complete the kit.

Locomotives

As far as the popular goes, scale model locomotives are on top of the list. These models look quite similar to the original steam powered trains. Moreover, they are available in a lot of sizes, such as small models or large garden railways. Users can ride on these locomotives.

Scale

The sale of a locomotive defines the main features of a model steam engine kit. Therefore, it's important to consider its scale since the available space will determine the right size for the track and the engine. Given below are some of the most commonly used options:

Scale:

It's also known as O gauge, which is the smallest scale as far as locomotives powered by steam are concerned. They emphasize fine details. Therefore, collectors and hobbyists like them a lot.

However, O scale is not commonly available unlike other scales. Since this scale is not popular for operation and running of the engine, it's not so popular.

OO scale:

In the UK, OO scale is also very popular. These model steam engine kits are cost-effective and durable. Therefore, they are an ideal choice for those wanting to use their locomotives on a regular basis. Moreover, this scale does not focus on realistic appearance and scales.

G scale:

Lastly, G scale is another great choice as far as model train scales are concerned. Since these are big and durable, people use them outside, especially in garden railways. Since they are produced on a large scale, you can find tons of G scale engines on the market in the here and now.

In short, if you have been looking for a model steam engine kit, we suggest that …

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What is the Best Metal For Body Jewelry?

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Two of the most common issues with body piercings are allergic reactions and infection. Correct care and cleaning of piercings are crucial, but the type of metal in the piercing jewelry you choose is also very important. The following are the top 3 best metals for body jewelry, and two choices that you should stay away from.

THE 3 BEST METALS FOR BODY JEWELRY:

#1 Implant Grade Titanium

Titanium is by far the metal of choice for body piercing jewelry, and can be safely used for initial piercings. Implant grade titanium G23 (Ti6al4v-ELI) is the type of titanium used in surgical implants, is biocompatible, resistant to body fluids and nickel free. Titanium is also stronger and lighter than steel, which gives us body piercing jewelry that is both durable, comfortable and nearly without scratches. Titanium is an expensive metal, but well worth the slightly higher price. Titanium body jewelry is beautiful, it lasts, and will look (just the same after many years of wear.

#2 Surgical Stainless Steel

Stainless steel is the most common metal for body piercing jewelry, and is just behind titanium when it comes to biocompatibility. 316L or 316LVM are the only two grades of stainless steel that are considered safe for wearing in healed piercings. Keep in mind that even the best grades of stainless steel do contain nickel and may cause problems for those who are allergic to nickel. Some countries have banned the use of stainless steel for initial piercings, and it is best to steer clear of stainless steel altogether until after your piercing is completely.

#3 Gold

Although it is beautiful, gold is not the best choice for body jewelry, especially for initial piercings or long term wear. Because gold is a softer metal and is made with metal alloys, there is a somewhat higher risk of irritation or infection. Gold jewelry is beautiful, but should only be worn in healed piercings, and with care. Replace gold body jewelry with titanium at the first sign of irritation.

NOT RECOMMENDED:

Sterling Silver: Do not purchase any body jewelry where the part that threads under your skin (barbell, banana, ring) is made of silver. Sterling silver tarnishes when it comes in contact with body fluids, can easily harbor bacterial growth, and can contain allergy-causing metals such as nickel. Body jewelry where a sterling silver “charm” that is attached to or dangles from the end of the steel or titanium bar is perfectly fine, so long as you aren’t allergic to silver jewelry. Just make sure that the part that is inside your body is made from a more biocompatible metal.

Mystery Metal: Scary. Any “costume” or “plated” body jewelry is a bad idea, and so is poor quality stainless steel. Stick with the top 3 choices above to be sure your piercing stays irritation and infection-free.

Remember that a body piercing jewelry is placed inside you, and should be treated more like a surgical implant than a piece of costume jewelry. Although it may …

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Authority Figure Vs Role Model

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The other day I read an email where someone was referred to as an authority figure. Now, while they are in a leadership role, I had never considered that they had “authority” over me. When I, in the past, had been in that role I had never thought of it as a position of authority either. I had, however, thought of it as being a role model.

As adults many of us have experienced authority issues in our past. We have had many people in our lives exert authority over us for a variety of reasons. In the case of our parents it was probably to keep us safe, or teach us the family rules, or to stop us from doing the things that they feared would cause us some type of damage. Teachers needed to keep us under control, after all they were surrounded by potentially unruly children. They were also responsible for teaching us the rules.

For most of us, this was probably the last time we were benefitted in any way by someone having authority over us, and yet it certainly isn’t the last time anyone tried. Employers, partners, and many others who believe that being in a position of leadership means being the boss of, have attempted to enforce authority over us.

I remember in a class I took in college the instructor told us that a traditional Native American belief is that “no man has the right to tell another man what to do.” I would add that no adult has the right to tell another adult what to do. You may be thinking “what about my employees” or “what about this other group that I am somehow responsible for?”

After we reach a certain age, probably around 18, we are from then on mostly responsible for ourselves. We can vote, we must assume responsibility for our choices, and many of us eventually become responsible for others (children, partners, aging parents, employees… ) We know that we’ve had issues around authority (and possibly still do) and yet we seem to seek out those whom we ourselves can boss around.

What I would like to suggest is that we shift from this perspective of authority and instead approach our relationships from the position of role model. Role models are examples of appropriate behavior. They teach others by showing them how it’s done. I know that as a teacher of adults they have always responded to me as a role model much more enthusiastically then they ever would as an authority figure. And I am much more comfortable as a role model as well. As a role model I can approach life with integrity and honesty. I can be fair and compassionate. An authority figure is more of a “do as I say” position. They often must make decisions that will disempower others. Role models teach people what to do and then hold them accountable; authority figures tell people what to do and then punish them if …

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A Simplified Staffing Business Model

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In much the same way Amazon and eBay have helped many get their start in starting, developing and running an e-commerce business, this same help is now available in starting a staffing business.

There are now well over two million third-party sellers on Amazon. The infrastructure that is on Amazon and eBay is plug_ and_ play for all who try and claim their stake on these selling platforms.

With this in mind, the traditional route for those seeking an opportunity to start their own staffing business included the need for a large capital infusion, a payroll system, access to high-cost worker's compensation insurance and many other costs that were prohibitive for most to enter the industry.

For many who do have the resources to enter the staffing industry, they often turn to high-cost franchise staffing companies who enjoy a large slice of earnings for the lifetime of the business. This relationship can grow strained over time and at some point the operator may feel they are contributing more to the franchise than the franchise is contributing to the operator. When this occurs, the separation from the business can grow messy and can even end in litigation.

The simplicity of both Amazon and eBay and their policies are a big draw for many who are looking to sell products online. There are no long-term agreements or costs that can easily cripple a new business. Being able to be flexible in a new venture is always a great asset and both these platforms allow for it.

This flexibility platform is now available in the world of staffing and has over 150 firms using this unique business model to grow impressive sized businesses with many reaching over a million in first-year billing. With over half a billion under management in less than 10 years in operation, one can see this is becoming a great alternative to going it alone or entering into a long-term agreement with a franchise.

What you get on the platform:

  • Worker's compensation insurance with no liability to the operator.
  • An unlimited funding source for all payroll and client billing.
  • A complete back-office for all management and personnel needs.
  • Access to professionals with over 40 years of staffing experience.

With all the boxes checked, this platform can be summed up as the Amazon or eBay of the staffing industry. If mitigation of risk is high on your list for starting a sustainable, prosperous business there are few options that can match what is now available.

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Handmade Jewelry Descriptions

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A problem which many of us have is finding words to describe our handmade jewelry. Designing a product is inspirational. Assembling the product is dependent on our craft skills. But writing detailed handmade jewelry descriptions has its challenges.

“Become the center of attention with this beautiful red beaded bracelet.” This sentence does not truly describe the bracelet nor will it attract a buyer. “Let your friends envy this 8″ triple strand red beaded bracelet;” this statement will not sell the product.

Ordering from an online source, brochure, or a catalog requires imagery which will help the purchaser to see and feel the article with the use of words.

Visualization Tip:

  • Place a blindfold around your eyes and have someone read one of your jewelry descriptions which you have written. Are you able to visualize the jewelry piece or will you need to remove the blindfold?
  • Have that same person read aloud a description of a jewelry piece from a catalog or a magazine. Draw a mental or physical picture of the jewelry piece. Does the jewelry piece reflect the written description?

Choose words wisely:

Select adjectives which will give accuracy to your handmade jewelry descriptions of necklaces, bracelets, earrings, pendants, anklets, and other jeweled accessories which you are selling. Use words which will paint a truthful picture of the finished jewelry product.

Descriptive word choices may include:

  • Size – one size fits all or list specific sizes
  • Technique – net weaving
  • Color adjectives – Sunset pink
  • Construction materials – imported teak wood from Africa
  • Unique name – African sunset
  • A story relating to the source of inspiration
  • Inspiration – the desert oasis of the Sahara
  • Number manufactured – one of a kind or Limited edition
  • Emotional responses

Do not use too many flowery adjectives or expressions. Describing the article will help the customer to visualize the product and will help eliminate disappointment, negative advertising because of a poor description, or returning an unwanted purchase for a refund.

Consider the customers which you are targeting and use words appropriate to the gender and age of the customer. Jewelry for children would be described much differently than jewelry for an adult.

How will it benefit the customer? Will this one of a kind jewelry piece fulfill their dreams or desires for their special occasion or event?

Help the customer with emotional descriptions as well as accurate physical qualities of the handmade jewelry. Do not over romance the description.

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Kano Model & Critical-To-Quality Tree

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Developed in the 80’s by Professor Noriaki Kano, the Kano model is based on the concepts of customer quality and provides a simple ranking scheme which distinguishes between essential and differentiating attributes. The model is a powerful way of visualizing product characteristics and stimulating debate within the design team. Kano also produced a rigorous methodology for mapping consumer responses into the model.

Product characteristics can be classified as:

Threshold / Basic attributes

– Attributes which must be present in order for the product to be successful, and can be viewed as a ‘price of entry’. However, the customer will remain neutral towards the product even with improved execution of these threshold and basic attributes.

One dimensional attributes (Performance / Linear)

– These characteristics are directly correlated to customer satisfaction. Increased functionality or quality of execution will result in increased customer satisfaction. Conversely, decreased functionality results in greater dissatisfaction. Product price is often related to these attributes.

Attractive attributes (Exciters / Delighters)

– Customers receive great satisfaction from a feature and are willing to pay a price premium. However, satisfaction will not decrease (below neutral) if the product lacks the feature. These features are often unexpected by customers and can be difficult to establish as needs during initial design. They are sometimes called unknown or latent needs.

Next, we organize customer needs into a Critical-To-Quality tree

The purpose of Critical-To-Quality trees is to convert customer needs/wants to measurable requirements for the business to implement.

For example: A retail merchant was receiving a significant number of complaints regarding their homeowner warranty policies from their customers. By analyzing customer survey data and developing the CTQ tree, the business was able to identify critical-to-satisfaction requirements. These requirements became the focus for improving customer satisfaction. The business eliminated mandatory warranty visits and made all warranty visits optional. Eliminating mandatory visits satisfied the customers who thought there were too many visits and adding an extra optional visit satisfied customers who thought there were too few visits. Expanding the time frame for scheduling warranty visits from two weeks to three months eliminated the inconvenience for customers who had busy schedules and found the time frame difficult to manage.

The business took a general, difficult-to-measure need (to improve homeowner warranty satisfaction) and developed specific, measurable, and actionable requirements to drive improvements in customer satisfaction.

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Lenovo Laptop Deals Guide – An Introduction to the Lenovo Brand & Way to Save With Special Offers

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The Lenovo brand can be traced back to Hong Kong in the mid 1980s. The company bought IBM's PC division, including the ThinkPad line, and has been developing and manufacturing reliable, cutting edge quality personal computers, business computers, and other electronics ever since. Today, with so many products on the market, it's pretty easy to find Lenovo laptop deals. No matter what kind of laptop you want to buy, you can trust that there will be some type of discount available for it.

Due to its high number of mergers and acquisitions, Lenovo is now the world's largest PC vendor. In addition to personal computers, the company also sells tablets, workstations, smartphones, IT management software, storage devices, smart televisions, servers, etc.

The laptops are often given high scores by personal users and businesses alike. They are constructed from durable materials and put through rigorous testing to ensure durability. These machines are also known for having long-lasting battery life (12+ hours per charge).

Lenovo laptop deals are easy to take advantage of, regardless of whether they come in the form of a promo code or e-coupon. When you see an offer yow ant to use, make sure you read the fine print so you'll know exactly what it can be used for, and how it can be used. Typically, you'll only have to click on an e-coupon to get it to activate. However, in some circumstances, you might want to manually enter a promo code into the order form during the checkout process.

How to Apply Lenovo Laptop Deals

A lot of e-coupons apply to specific models or accessories. The most commonly discounted items are laptops, although you will sometimes find deals on desktops as well. For general store discounts, be on the lookout for promo codes. You might also sometimes come across deals to help you save on shipping and handling. For general store discounts, read carefully, as you may be expected to spend a minimum amount of money in order to be eligible for a certain offer.

Make sure the promo code or e-coupon is being applied properly. After adding items to the cart and clicking through the warranty and customization items, you'll come to the checkout page. Underneath the cart summary section there is a box for adding e-coupon information. Just enter it and hit "apply", and the discount should appear in the subtotal. If it doesn't, then the offer might not be available anymore.

There are many reasons to invest in a Lenovo laptop. You can count on it lasting for a long time. It can be customized in a variety of ways to suit your computing requirements. Never turn down a chance to save with Lenovo laptop deals.

What kind of Lenovo promo codes and coupons are available this week? There are always ways to save a bunch of money with Lenovo laptop deals . Also, be on the lookout for special offers for the accessories you'll need with a new laptop.

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