women

Young women may be likelier to die after heart attacks than men

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Younger women may be more likely to die in the decade following a heart attack than men of the same age, a new study suggests. 



a person sitting on a bed: woman sitting up in bed with hands over heart, as if in discomfort


© Provided by Live Science
woman sitting up in bed with hands over heart, as if in discomfort

In general, women under age 50 experience fewer heart attacks than men in the same age range. The new study, published Oct. 13 in the European Heart Journal, also reflects this trend; of 2,100 heart attack patients treated at the Brigham and Women’s Hospital and Massachusetts General Hospital in Boston between 2000 and 2016, only about 400 were women. The average age of all the patients in the study was 44 years old. 

But over the long-term, these young women were more likely to die than young men. The study authors followed the patients for a median of 11 years, and found that women were 1.6 times more likely to die from any cause than men during that time. 

Related: 9 new ways to keep your heart healthy 

“Notably, the differences in mortality in our study were primarily driven by non-cardiovascular death,” meaning deaths not caused by a heart condition, study author Dr. Ersilia DeFilippis, a cardiology fellow at New York Presbyterian-Columbia University Irving Medical Center, told Live Science in an email. Examples of these non-cardiovascular causes of death included cancer and sepsis, a kind of overblown immune response to an infection. 

Unfortunately, “there were no clear explanations as to why women had lower survival,” DeFilippis noted, though the study revealed a number of factors that may be at play.

“The risk factors for disease of other organs overlap with risk factors for heart disease,” Dr. Marysia Tweet, an assistant professor in Cardiovascular Medicine at the Mayo Clinic, who was not involved in the study, told Live Science in an email. “A heart attack and the ramifications of a heart attack may affect the health of other organs. Long-term mortality is likely due to a combination of multiple factors.”

For instance, women in the study had higher rates of diabetes than the men, as well as higher rates of diseases such rheumatoid arthritis , where joint pain and inflammation are often triggered by an immune system attack. This persistent inflammation may drive the formation of fatty plaques in blood vessels, which can block arteries and lead to a heart attack, according to a 2012 report in the journal Arteriosclerosis, Thrombosis, and Vascular Biology. That same inflammation may also affect how patients recover.

In addition, the women showed higher rates of depression than men in the study. “Depression impacts adherence to healthy lifestyle recommendations and medications,” which could impact women’s long-term survival after a heart attack, Tweet wrote in a commentary also published in the European Heart Journal about the research. But it’s also possible that the physiological changes that coincide with depression independently worsen outcomes; for instance, elevated levels of stress hormones and inflammatory molecules called cytokines could worsen a patient’s prognosis, she wrote.

In general, women

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Collecting Die Cast Model Tanks

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For those who are considering investing in collecting die cast military vehicles then model tanks may be just what they are looking for. Die cast model tanks can look great no matter how you choose to display them and represent a large portion of the history of military vehicles. In the United States for example no new tanks are being produced. The older ones are sent in for disassembly and then reassembled using the newest technology. By collecting the models of all the older tanks you are keeping the history of the tank alive.

Die cast models are very easy to care for. A lightly dampened cloth will easily clean any surface dust and will not chance damaging the paint job. For models that have a good deal of decals on them it is better to just wipe them with a lint free cloth. Water may loosen the decals which can then be difficult to properly reattach.

If there are openings in the model itself then you can use canned air. Use short bursts while making sure to hold the can about six inches from the model. If you hold it too close you can damage the model. Sometimes the propellant can be shot from the cans and can cause frost damage to the decals or paint if you happen to turn the can upside down.

Always make sure to hold the can upright. If you are looking for a great way to display your die cast models then an oak or cherry bookcase can make a great display case. It is rather easy to add lights to the cases by drilling holes for the bulbs and using the small decorative bulbs that are typically used for Christmas trees. As long as these are placed in the holes using an adapter that can easily be found at a lighting store you will not run the risk of starting a fire.

You can also add glass to the front of the book case to keep wandering hands from handling your models and damaging them with the oils from their hands. Your hands contain a good deal of natural oils and it is very easy for these oils to be left behind on any surface that you touch. Die cast models are no exception.

Unpainted, these models can tarnish from the oils. Painted models can experience damage to the paint job from the oils over time. The oils can even damage the decals that may be present. By properly taking care of your die cast model tanks you can have a great looking collection that will last a very long time.

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Easy Grilled Bacon Recipes That Are To Die For

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Everybody loves bacon, and we mean everybody. Those little strips of crispy meat with the perfect-tasting fat is something we all can't resist. It's great when fried, but the added smoky flavor from grilling makes it even more of a winner!

Here are quick and easy grilled bacon recipes that you can't afford to miss:

Grilled Bacon-Wrapped Caramel Apple

What you need:

  • 1/2 kilogram bacon
  • 4 red apples, peeled
  • 2 cups brown sugar
  • 1 cup milk
  • 1 cup butter
  • 3/4 cup corn syrup
  • 1/4 cup bourbon
  • 1 teaspoon vanilla extract

Wrap the apples with slices of bacon, from bottom to top, until completely covered. Secure bacon with a toothpick. Cook in a pre-heated grill, covered, over medium-high heat for 15 to 20 minutes until apple is softened and bacon is crisp. Insert popsicle sticks at the top of each apple then refrigerate. In a pan over medium heat, combine and cook to a simmer the brown sugar, milk, butter, corn syrup, bourbon and vanilla extract. Remove from heat and allow to thicken. Dip grilled apples in the caramel and allow to cool for a few minutes before serving.

Bacon-Wrapped Sriracha Onion Rings

What you need:

  • 1 pack bacon
  • 5 sweet onions
  • 1/2 cup sriracha hot sauce
  • 2 tablespoons mayonnaise
  • 2 tablespoons black pepper
  • 1 teaspoon fresh lime juice

Slice the onions into 1/2-inch thick rings. Brush each ring with sriracha sauce then wrap tightly with bacon. Secure with a toothpick. Toss in black pepper. Cook bacon-wrapped onion rings on a pre-heated grill over medium high heat until bacon is brown and crisp. To make the dipping sauce, mix together 1 tablespoon sriracha, mayonnaise and lime juice. Serve immediately.

Grilled Bacon Tater Tots

What you need:

  • 16 pcs. Tater Tots, frozen
  • 8 thin slices bacon, halved sideways
  • 2 tablespoons turbinado sugar
  • 1 teaspoon season salt
  • 1/2 teaspoon cayenne pepper

In a small bowl, combine sugar, salt and pepper. Sprinkle bacon slices with the mixture then top each bacon half with a tater tot. Roll up and secure with a toothpick. Assemble the bacon-wrapped tater tots in a grill rack or tray then sprinkle the rest of the sugar mixture over them. Cook on a pre-heated grill over medium high heat for 15 to 20 minutes or until bacon is crisp. Serve with your favorite barbecue sauce for dipping.

These grilled bacon recipes will make you a fan of the delicious meat even more!

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