women

Women Tend to Vote for Democratic Presidential Candidates More Than Men Do. Here’s How That Gender Gap First Came to Be

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George Bush and Ronald Reagan Pointing
George Bush and Ronald Reagan Pointing

George Bush (L) and Ronald Reagan before the start of a debate before the League of Women Voters Forum in Houston in April 1980 Credit – Bettmann Archive/Getty Images

As the electoral odds facing President Donald Trump and former Vice President Joe Biden have continued to diverge in national and state polls, there’s at least one area where the divergence has been particularly striking: By early October, one national poll had Biden leading Trump by over 20 points among registered female voters; Trump and Biden were tied among likely male voters. Other October polls had Biden up an average of 25 points among women—which, if it holds, would be a record in modern elections.

Nationally, women in the U.S. have had the vote for 100 years. For the last 40 of those years, they have voted for the Democratic presidential candidate in greater numbers than men have. (Notably, this does not mean a majority of women always vote for the Democrat.) This remarkably durable voting pattern may not be a surprise this year, but it shook Republicans when it emerged in 1980—and examining the two parties’ responses to this voting pattern can help us understand the shape of American politics today.

It took 60 years for women to vote in the same proportion as men. In 1980, for the first time since the passage of the 19th Amendment, women voted at the same rate as men. That was also the first time they voted noticeably differently from men. Ronald Reagan beat Jimmy Carter by almost 10 percentage points in the 1980 presidential election. Among women voters, however, Reagan won by only a single percentage point (46% of the vote, compared to Carter’s 45%). Democrats immediately moved to claim the gender gap for political mileage even as Reagan’s supporters struggled to understand what had happened.

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Some relatively obvious things had changed for the Republican Party in 1980. The party removed support for the Equal Rights Amendment (ERA) from its platform that year, after 40 years of relatively consistent support. Further, for the first time since Roe v. Wade was decided, there was a clear divide between the candidates on support for abortion rights, as Reagan was on the record supporting a constitutional amendment banning them. Interestingly, however, it was not at all clear these issues were driving the new gap in voting. Reagan’s own pollsters pointed out that a majority of both men and women supported the ERA and reproductive rights, but they still diverged in support for Reagan. What then was driving the gap?

In 1982, Democrats picked up 26 seats in the House of Representatives. Political analysts attributed this loss to the GOP’s continuing failure to win over women voters. A few days later, Reagan pollster Ronald Hinckley presented the administration with a memo analyzing the new voting pattern. The memo argued that Republicans’ biggest problem

women

Gender equality will hurt some men, but that’s the only way to get there

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  • A new report by the Pew Research Center shows 25% of men believe increased equality for women will come at their expense.
  • They’re exactly right, and that’s the point.
  • In order to equalize centuries of oppression of women, men will have to stop benefiting in life just for being men.
  • Ashley Jordan is a feminist writer, speaker, activist, and organizer.
  • This is an opinion column. The thoughts expressed are those of the author.
  • Visit Business Insider’s homepage for more stories.

A new report by the Pew Research Center shows that one in four American men believe increased equality for women has come at their expense. My initial reaction to these survey results is frustration and a compulsive urge to convince these men that gender equality is not a zero-sum game. But I can’t. Because the truth is that gender equality does hurt white, cisgender-men in some ways. The real question is: so what? 

From the economy to public health, we all stand to gain when women win. And while wins for women means that mostly white, cis-men will lose more often, this isn’t an injustice — it’s what justice actually looks like. It might be difficult to discern at first because for white, cis-men in America, the loss of privilege will hurt. But don’t mistake a loss of privilege for unfairness. Men aren’t being punished for women’s equality — they’re just no longer benefiting as much from the lack thereof. 

More women in Congress, in C-suites at Fortune 500 companies, as university presidents, and as partners in top law firms means fewer opportunities for men — that’s just math. After all, there are only 535 seats in the US Congress and 500 of those CEO spots to go around.

Gender equality requires that more women occupy positions of power and authority in our culture and society — positions currently held predominantly by white, cis-men. If women are going to continue making progress, some men will inevitably have to move or be moved out of the way.

The US is struggling with equality

Male privilege means men benefit just by being men. They enjoy certain rights and advantages by virtue of the fact that they are the preferred sex in our patriarchal culture.

As women claw their way ever closer to full equality in the United States (a feat projected to take roughly another 208 years) and slowly chip away at the social capital men procure through privilege, will it be harder out there for a white, cis-man? Yes, of course, it will. Gender equality will make life less privileged and opportunity-rich for white, cis-men in America. But even at its hardest, it still won’t be as hard as life for American women right now. 

In 2018, the United States was the only Western nation ranked among the most dangerous countries for women in a Reuters survey of top women’s rights experts. Although the presence of the US alongside countries considered the worst in the world for human rights atrocities against

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Phoebe Bridgers Shares How Men Can Help the Women in Their Lives

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From Men’s Health

Singer-songwriter Phoebe Bridgers has managed to make a major name for herself in the music industry—but the 26-year-old may have truly bossed up when she created her own record label, Saddest Factory Records, earlier this year.

Bridgers recently spoke with Men’s Health Deputy Editor Spencer Dukoff to discuss her experience in the entertainment industry, strategies for managing her mental health, and the pros and cons of starting your own business amid a global pandemic. (NBD.)

Saddest Factory Records, Bridgers said, was born out of her desire to self-release her own music early in her career. “I just thought, well, why don’t I just run a label that’s basically me telling these people who to sign, and what to put out, and what to listen to?”

Now, and through her label, Bridgers said she hopes to sign artists with one basic requirement: they make damn good music. “Instead of trying to think about the mathematics of somebody’s art, like the demographics, just [think about] lyrics, honestly,” she said. “And I think so many bands fall into that category.”

Diversity is key to her label’s roster, too, given an overwhelmingly white, male-dominated music industry. Saddest Factory’s first signing is Claud, a 21-year-old non-binary indie pop artist based in Brooklyn who released the single “Gold” earlier this month.

“A lot of times you see tokenism, whether it’s women or people of color, being pushed out onto the stage and everyone behind them is like an older white man,” she explained. “So, I think it’s about hiring people who have a unique human experience because it’s just a better business model. It’s not just for clout.”

Bridgers went on to explain how men can better support women in their lives, both professionally and in general; basic human empathy, she said, can go a long way. “Men, kind of inherently, are born with this ‘I see myself represented everywhere and I can do anything’…Thinking about how you can treat someone who isn’t like that, talking to people like you’re equal [is important].”

As if starting a small business wasn’t enough, Bridgers has also been busy lending her support to small local venues impacted by the pandemic by playing livestreamed benefit concerts. Meanwhile, for her mental health, she says she’s begun incorporating EMDR (Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing) therapy into her mental health routine. She also recommended reading the book The Body Keeps the Score by Bessel van der Kolk, which deals trauma and healing.

Photo credit: Men’s Health

Check out the full conversation below:

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2 Milwaukee women charged with drugging men in River North bars and robbing them, netting $85,000 in cash and valuables

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Two Milwaukee women, an expectant mother and a 32-year-old phlebotomist, are accused of drugging 10 men who were partying in River North and then robbing them after they fell unconscious — netting $85,000 in cash, phones and jewelry.

Tiana Trammel, 25, and Tjwana Rainey, 32, ran the scheme from late January until last Sunday, authorities told a Cook County judge on Tuesday.

The two would lead drunken men from the bars and nightclubs of River North, often with an invitation to go back to their place, and then give them a drink from a small glass vial, prosecutors said during a bail hearing.

After downing the drink, the men would black out and later awake either in their own homes or by the side of the road, unharmed but missing their wallets and valuables, prosecutors said.

“We had one victim that awoke at the Lake Forest oasis,” Assistant State’s Attorney Paul Kiefer told Judge Charles Beach II during the hearing broadcast on YouTube.

The women used the stolen credit and debit cards at ATMs at Walmart and Target stores in the Milwaukee area where they live, Kiefer said.

The women were arrested early Sunday in River North after carrying a man from a downtown club to Trammell’s car, authorities said. Both were already on law enforcement’s radar by this time and a tracker had been placed on Trammell’s vehicle.

“The last couple of victims we have in the case, obviously the tracker aligns with what happened to those victims,” he said. Kiefer added that authorities also have surveillance video and license plate readers that captured Trammell’s movements.

Police recovered vials of suspected alcohol that are being analyzed to see what chemicals were used on the men, authorities said.

Trammel and Rainey, who appeared separately before the judge, each face charges of continuing a financial criminal enterprise and possession of a controlled substance.

Neither woman had a significant criminal history and both are mothers of young children, according to their attorneys. But Beach said drugging a person without their knowledge or consent was “an act of violence,” and set bail at $55,000 for Trammell and $45,000 for Rainey. Both are barred from having contact with the victims, and Trammell was barred from returning to Wisconsin during the case.

The criminal tradition of robbing bar hoppers by knocking them out with tainted drinks has its supposed origins in late 19th-century Chicago, where the legendary saloon owner Mickey Finn gave customers laced drinks, stealing money and sometimes clothing.

In recent years, the focus has been on protecting against “date rape” drugs put into cocktails in order to leave people vulnerable to sexual assault.

———

©2020 the Chicago Tribune

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Distributed by Tribune Content Agency, LLC.

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Save up to 78% on Micheal Kors handbags and accessories for men and women

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These deals are perfect for all the people on your ‘nice’ list.

Enjoy up to 50% off already reduced merchandise at Michael Kors.

Enjoy up to 50% off already reduced merchandise at Michael Kors.

Michael Kors

Have you already made your lists and checked it twice? If not, you may want to start right now! Michael Kors is taking up to 50% off most of its sales merchandise – totaling as much as 78% in savings on the best deals!

There is something for every fashionista on your ‘nice’ list. Markdowns include handbags, boots, shoes, sunglasses and more. So, if you’re eyeing the perfect gifts for teen girls and boys – or even your mom and grandmother – we promise you’ll see some great options for all ages at this sales event.

As usual, your Chron Shopping team has a few ideas to get you started.

78% Off

Charlotte Large Leather Satchel – michaelkors.com

99.00Shop Now

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Jet Set Large Studded Pebbled Leather Crossbody Bag – michaelkors.com

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Adele Studded Saffiano Leather Smartphone Wallet – michaelkors.com

82.95Shop Now

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Cece Small Leather Chain Messenger Bag – michaelkors.com

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MK Charm Medium Pebbled Leather Crossbody Bag – michaelkors.com

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This sale ends on November 2, but don’t let your favorites sell out! Grab them now.

Hearst Newspapers participates in various affiliate marketing programs, which means we may get paid commissions on editorially chosen products purchased through our links to retailer sites.

Micolette Davis is a Local Deals Curator for Hearst Newspapers. Email her at micolette.davis@hearst.com.

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Men still earn more than women; whites earn twice as much as Black and Hispanic colleagues

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The reveal of gender and race wage gaps in the tech industry was among the seemingly outmoded findings compiled for a new ChartHop report.

istock-1174546497.jpg

Image: iStock/kentoh

Just how far has the US come in narrowing unfair wage gaps? Unfortunately, not very, according to a just-released report from ChartHop, a human-resources software company. 

There have been some, if minor improvements. The new 2020 Charting Better Workplaces report finding that men earn 22% more than women is an improvement over 2018’s report, which found men earned 30% more than women. Still, it’s a slow slog to close the gap, and one that might surprise those who assumed equity would be in practice by now.

SEE: COVID-19 workplace policy (TechRepublic Premium)

The report was compiled from compensation and demographic data of more than 16,000 employees and revealed that employers need to exact change to close gender and race gaps. The report also noted that while most human resources (HR) departments do not have an option for non-binary designations yet, the number has increased, and that the salaries of non-binary employees are broadly closer to women’s in this context.

Black and Hispanic tech employees earn even less money than their white colleagues: In fact, it’s double the gender gap: 44% less. 

  • The average salary for a white, male employee in 2020 is $130,418. 
  • The average salary for a female employee in 2020 is $98,781.
  • The average salary for a Black employee in 2020 is $90,873. 

White tech employees also earn 33% more than Hispanic employees and 2% more than Asian employees.

And the race wage gap is actually widening, not narrowing. The report found that white employees earn 24% more than colleagues who are BIPOC (Black, Indigenous, People of Color), which marks a six percentage point rise in 2020.

salaries-by-race.jpg

Image: ChartHop

While Black and Hispanic employees make up 8% of the report’s sample workforce, they only receive 6% of the compensation (an increase since 2018, when it ranged from 4% to 5%).

White employees take home 65% of the compensation and make up 61% of the workforce.

workfr-and-comp-by-race.jpg

Image: ChartHop

One of the most significant drivers of wealth in the technology industry is the distribution of equity, yet men have 63% more ownership in a company than women, even though women make up 40% of owners, but only own 21% of the shares.

In terms of salary-based compensation, ChartHop’s research found women are increasingly taking home a larger percentage of compensation. 

  • In 2018, women took home 27% of the compensation
  • In 2019 women took home 31% of the compensation
  • In 2020 women took home 33% of the compensation

Since 2018, women in the tech industry remained constant at 44%, and women are still taking home compensation disproportionate to their representation in the industry, but these numbers are increasing. While men made 30% more than women in 2018, that number has decreased to 22% in 2020.

Seniority matters

Seniority as a major role in wage gaps is a common, although apparently not as big of a

women

Birmingham 2022 Commonwealth Games set to award more medals to women than men

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The Birmingham 2022 Commonwealth Games will be the first major multi-sport event to award more medals to women than men, organisers have confirmed.

The introduction of women’s T20 cricket for the first time will contribute to a total of 136 medal events for women, as opposed to 134 for men.

In addition, an integrated para-sports programme will be expanded to include 3×3 wheelchair basketball for the first time, along with additions to the athletics and swimming events.

Commonwealth Games Federation president Dame Louise Martin said: “It is very special that the Commonwealth Games will be the first major multi-sport event in history with more medals for women than men.

“It will also be the largest ever integrated para-sport programme which will ensure that Birmingham 2022 will be a truly historic, inclusive and unforgettable 11 days of sport.”

Eboni Usoro-Brown, who starred in securing England’s memorable netball gold medal on the Gold Coast in 2018, said the news will help provide a platform upon which women’s sport can continue to expand.

England v New Zealand – Vitality Netball International Series – Echo Arena
Eboni Usoro-Brown starred in England’s historic win on the Gold Coast (Anthony Devlin/PA)

Usoro-Brown said: “It just shows the growth of women’s sport, and being championed by Birmingham 2022 shows just how far it has come in the last two years.

“Obviously this has been an unusual year and, after the last few years in which women’s sport has been on an upward trajectory, having it centre-stage in Birmingham will give it that big boost to get restarted and continue to grow.”

The expansion of the para programme, and specifically the inclusion of the women’s T33/34 100 metres category, also means five-times Paralympic champion Hannah Cockroft will be able to compete in the Games for the first time.

Cockroft said: “It is something I have wanted to be involved in since I started racing. I have watched half the team go off to a Commonwealth Games and I’ve never had the chance to join them.

“Obviously for para sport to get this kind of coverage is going to be monumental. Things usually fall off a bit in the year after a Paralympics, so this represents a massive opportunity.”

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2 Wisconsin women accused of drugging, robbing 10 men

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CHICAGO — Two Wisconsin women are accused in Chicago of drugging 10 men and robbing them of about $85,000 after they fell unconscious, Cook County prosecutors said Tuesday.

Tiana Trammel, 25, and Tjwana Rainey, 32, both of Milwaukee, allegedly ran the scheme from January until last Sunday. They are charged with operating a continuing financial criminal enterprise and possession of a controlled substance.

The women allegedly lured drunken men from bars and nightclubs in Chicago’s River North district with invitations to their place. There, the men were given a drink that knocked them out. They awoke either in their own homes or by the side of the road, unharmed but without wallets and valuables. The women allegedly used stolen credit and debit cards at ATMs at Walmart and Target stores in the Milwaukee area.

The women were arrested early Sunday after carrying a man from a club to Trammell’s car, Assistant State’s Attorney Paul Kiefer told Judge Charles Beach II. Authorities were aware of the women’s activities and a tracker had been placed on Trammell’s vehicle, Kiefer said, adding surveillance video and license plate readers captured Trammell’s movements, which align with what happened to several victims.

Attorneys for the women told Beach neither have significant criminal histories and both are mothers of young children. Beach said drugging a person without their knowledge or consent was “an act of violence,” and set bail at $55,000 for Trammell and $45,000 for Rainey.

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It’s men, not women, driving Trump’s numbers down

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For months, analysts have argued that women voters will be the key to the 2020 election. From poll write-ups to in-depth interviews, women — specifically white, suburban and college-educated women — have been the focus of countless media stories over the last year.

While it’s true that President TrumpDonald John TrumpNearly 300 former national security officials sign Biden endorsement letter DC correspondent on the death of Michael Reinoehl: ‘The folks I know in law enforcement are extremely angry about it’ Late night hosts targeted Trump over Biden 97 percent of the time in September: study MORE is trailing former Vice President Joe BidenJoe BidenNearly 300 former national security officials sign Biden endorsement letter Trump narrows Biden’s lead in Pennsylvania: poll Florida breaks first-day early voting record with 350K ballots cast MORE among women in the national polls by an average of about 15 percentage points, the story of this election may not be about Trump’s poor standing among women, but about the large decline in his support among men.

According to Pew Research’s recently released validated voter analysis of the 2018 midterm electorate, Democrats fared better in that election in part because they made gains among men. As they explained:

“In the 2016 election, Donald Trump won men by 11 points (52 percent to 41 percent) and Hillary ClintonHillary Diane Rodham ClintonLate night hosts targeted Trump over Biden 97 percent of the time in September: study 10 steps toward better presidential debating Continuity is (mostly) on the menu for government contracting in the next administration MORE won women by 15 (54 percent to 39 percent), for a difference of 26 points. In 2018, women supported Democratic candidates by a similar margin (18 points, 58 percent to 40 percent) but the GOP advantage among men vanished (50 percent voted Democratic, 48 percent Republican). Trump carried White men by 30 points in 2016 (62 percent to 32 percent), a Republican advantage that shrank to just 12 points in 2018 (55 percent to 43 percent).”

In short, most women were skeptical of Trump in 2016 and their opinion of him hasn’t much changed. An October 2020 poll conducted by Pew Research showed that only 39 percent of women support Trump — the same percentage of women who supported him in 2016. This is also in line with the percentage of support Republicans have garnered from women for much of the past 25 years.

Even among white women, the decline in support for Trump over the course of his presidency has been small. In 2016, Pew’s validated voter analysis showed that white women favored Trump over Hillary Clinton by 2 percentage points (47 percent to 45 percent). In 2018, white women were again closely split, but this time, the 2-point advantage favored Democratic candidates (50 percent to 48 percent).

But now, a few white women appear to have swung back to the GOP. Pew’s October poll showed that 49 percent of white women support Trump and 46 percent support Biden. Even

women

Are Women More Likely To Fall Asleep After Sex Than Men? Evolutionary Psychology Weighs In

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Evolutionary psychology is known for its unique and sometimes controversial view of human behavior. Why do men prefer symmetrical facial features in women? An evolutionary psychologist might say it’s because it signals ‘high reproductive potential.’ Why is it that middle-aged women have the stereotype of being more sexually interested than younger women? Evolutionary psychology suggests that increases in sexual interest should coincide with decreases in fertility.

New research tackles another mind-bending evolutionary phenomenon: why women are more likely to fall asleep after sex than men. The answer? Because it increases the chances of conception, at least according to a new paper published in the journal Evolutionary Behavioral Sciences.

“The phrase ‘sex is nature’s sleeping pill’ is often used to capture the idea that sexual intercourse may have sedative properties, but there has not been much research on this effect,” state the authors of the paper, led by Gordon Gallup of University at Albany, State University of New York. “We found that women were more likely than men to report falling asleep after sexual intercourse and that post-copulatory somnolence was enhanced by orgasm in both women and men.”

While this finding may seem counterintuitive, here’s a step-by-step overview of the rationale behind it:

  1. Humans evolved an upright posture and bipedal movement as a means to navigate their environment in an optimal way.
  2. One of the downsides of an upright posture is that it puts the female reproductive system at a perpendicular orientation with respect to gravity.
  3. This is not ideal for retaining sperm and, by extension, maximizing the chances of conception during sex.
  4. To overcome this problem, evolutionary psychologists point out that “missionary position” has become a cross-cultural universal.
  5. But they argue there is another mechanism through which evolution has stacked the deck in favor of conception: by imbuing seminal fluid with sedative-like properties. This encourages women to remain lying down after sex, which allows more sperm to be retained in the female reproductive tract and further increases the chances of conception.

To test their reasoning, the researchers recruited 316 undergraduate students from the University at Albany to take part in a short survey on sexual routines. They excluded individuals who indicated a bisexual or homosexual preference or who reported no prior sexual experience. They also excluded participants who indicated having more sex during the day than at night given that the purpose of the study was to understand post-coital sleep routines. This resulted in a final sample of 128 women and 98 men.

Participants were asked to fill out a survey consisting of three sections: contraceptive use and relationship status, masturbatory behavior, and sexual intercourse history. Critical to their investigation were participants’ responses to the following three questions:

  1. Who typically falls asleep after penile–vaginal sex sooner, you or your partner?
  2. How often do you fall asleep after experiencing an orgasm during penile–vaginal sex?
  3. How often do you fall asleep after penile– vaginal