Why Self-Esteem Is Important for a Model

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We talk about how modeling can help to boost one's self-esteem and at the same time what you can do to come out of the shell of insecurity and fear.

When you Start Getting Jobs

Everything seems like a scam and an evil plot against you, until your modeling agency helps you to start acquiring jobs. Your confidence skyrockets when the jobs are acquired with credible clients and even more so when they are jobs that suit your interests and likes. Modeling is an incredibly powerful form of work that can create confidence in your look and skin that few other jobs or careers can.

Beyond getting paid for your work, you also get your work published and advertised through publications, and mass media channels such as Television on Print advertisements. This means you gather acknowledgments and you thus feeling good in your skin as well.

Modeling Can Play Tricks with your Mind

When you see other models around you, you may start to wonder, am I supposed to be that thin? Should I have literally zero body fat in order to be considered a model? Well if you were supposed to be as thin as a stick your modeling agency wouldn't have accepted you for their work in the first place. If they do want you to change your weight in a drastic manner all you have to do is simply say no and find another modeling agency. Do not take advice from your imagination, or from extreme people. Be in a lean and fit body and only work in jobs that suit your natural size and body. That will give you the utmost career and mental satisfaction you need.

Exercise Right, Sleep Right, Eat Right, and Live Right

Drop the pills and ills. What you need is natural and organic methods to keep your beauty and health in check. Don't fall prey to consumerist schemes and certainly never resort to extreme measures such as starving yourself. Thin does not equal beautiful. You must be in your natural body size that suits you and your look, and most of the times that is obtained simply by regular exercise and eating proper food and avoiding fast and fried food.

Modeling agencies these days are interested in a vibrant personality and a healthy look that is marketable, not a pale looking stick figure. Do away with misconceptions and prioritize your health above anything else!

Modeling is thus a double-edged sword that cans be employed to your benefit or destruction. Adopt the right mentality and you will shine, failing to do so can make it a job that kills your self-esteem. Else you're on Victoria's Secret, your aim should first to look good in your god-given body, and progress in your looks slowly and steadily with due respect to your physical and mental health.

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Model Rocketry for Beginners

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The assembling and flying of model rockets is a fascinating pastime and it is not nearly as pricey as most people think. The really exciting aspect to it is that you can enjoy two elements of the hobby. First, you get to assemble your model rocket and secondly you get the thrill of actually flying it.

To build a flying rocket model you are not required to have any specialist equipment or knowledge and it really is quite easy to do. You can purchase relatively cheap model kits from any one of the respected model makers.

The models that one can buy vary in degree of difficulty through several skill levels. Level one flying model rockets are designed for beginners and take merely several minutes to put together while level 5 rockets may take a number weeks to make and will demand much greater modeling skill. Anyone can begin making model rockets at a basic level and work their way up to the more difficult levels.

Flying model rockets is a completely safe hobby and it is a hobby that anyone can enjoy. It is normally recommended for kids aged at least ten years old and adult supervision is recommended during the launch for children who are under 12 years of age.

The basic parts of a model rocket kit are a cardboard body, fins made out of balsa and plastic, a plastic nose cone and a recovery parachute or streamers. To that kit you will need to add a rocket motor, which is usually sold separately. You will also need a launch controller and launch pad, which are also sold separately.

Even though that might appear to be a great number of different bits and pieces that you need to purchase, constructing and launching rockets is a surprisingly cheap pastime to have fun with.

You can begin flying rockets with ready to fly kits that need little assembly skills and that will only take minutes to assemble. Very quickly you may well be watching the launch of your first ever model. Starting off with the easiest to construct kits is a good way to learn the fundamentals of how the things are put together and how they work. Some of the more advanced kits really do require time and effort to put together, but the end result is amazing.

In summary constructing and launching rockets is super fun, it's inexpensive, and it's an educational hobby that the whole family can enjoy.

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Essence Of Waterfall Model

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SDLC is a process through which a product will get completed or a product get rid from any problem. Software development process is described as a number of phases, procedures and steps that gives the complete software. SDLC follows series of steps which is used for product progress. It is nothing but a ladder for project management in an organized manner. Now-a-days a number of different process models are followed. Some of those are:

(i)Waterfall Model

(ii)Spiral Model


(iv)Iterative Model


Spiral Model: Spiral model is nothing but the royal combination of Waterfall Model with Risk Analysis factor. It follows four phases like planning, Risk Analysis, Engineering and Evaluation. In large projects this model is preferable.

RAD: RAD or Rapid Application Development explains the model itself. For rapid development of projects in time we prefer this model. In other words we can say RAD is a variation of the Prototyping Model. But it strictly follows time constraint on each phase for quick development of project.

Iterative Model: Iterative Model is the combination some mini-Waterfall Model in each iteration. Though it is looking more effective but the time factor, steps followed and delay in each phase matters here.

V-Model: V model is the classic software development model. It encapsulates the steps in Verification and Validation phases for each step in the SDLC. For each phase, the subsequent phase becomes the verification (QA) phase and the corresponding testing phase in the other arm of the V becomes the validating (Testing) phase.

Waterfall Model:

Apart from these known models there are several other models are used by the software industry depending on the project size, time and budget. Here I put a glance on well known Waterfall model. It is a unique model which is followed by most of the companies. In fact certain features of Waterfall attracts the top executives to adapt it. Some of the unique features are:

1.It can be implemented for all size project.

2.It leads to a concrete and clear approach to software development.

3.In this model testing is inherent in every phase.

4.Documentation is produced at every stage of model which is very helpful for people who are involved.

There are various phases can be maintained in Waterfall model:

(i)Preliminary investigation and feasibility analysis.

(ii)Requirement Analysis

(iii)System design


(v)Integration and testing

(vi)Implementation and maintenance

[Preliminary Investigation]


[Requirement Analysis]


[System Design]




[Integration & Testing]


[Implementation & Maintenance]

(Waterfall Model Diagram)

One important thing of the Waterfall Model is that at each phase a conscious decision is taken whether to continue the project or to stop it.

Phase1–> Preliminary Investigation:

It is the starting phase of project. Actually it is the job of top executives. The aim of this phase is not develop system but to investigate the problem or to take decision for new requirements. When the executives are taking decisions on a project they take various factors in to consideration, like Technology, Time, Budget..

When the agreement has …


The Spiral Model: IT Project Management Solutions

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The Spiral Model is the neo approach in IT project system development and was originally devised by Barry W. Boehm through his article published in 1985 "A Spiral Model of Software Development and Enhancement" .

This model of development unites the features of the prototyping model with an iterative approach of system development; combining elements of design and prototyping-in-stages. This model is an effort to combine the advantages of top-down and bottom-up concepts highly preferential for large, exclusive, volatile, and complex projects.

The term "spiral" is used to describe the process that is followed in this model, as the development of the system takes place, the mechanisms go back several times over to earlier sequences, over and over again, circulating like a spiral.

The spiral model represents the evolutionary approach of IT project system development and carries the same activities over a number of cycles in order to elucidate system requirements and its solutions.

Similar to the waterfall model, the spiral model has sequential cycles / stages, with each stage having to be completed before moving on to next.

The prime difference between the waterfall model and the spiral model is that the project system development cycle moves towards eventual completion in both the models but in the spiral model the cycles go back several times over to earlier stages in a repetitive sequence.

Progress Cycles, IT Project Management Solutions

For Image: The Spiral Model

The progress cycle of this model is divided into four quadrants, and each quadrant with a different purpose;

Determining Objectives (I) —————– Evaluating Alternatives (II)

******************************************** ***********

Planning Next Phase (III) ——————– Planning Next Phase (IV)

First Quadrant (I): the top left quadrant determines and identifies the project objectives, alternatives, and constrains of the project. Similar to the system conception stage in the Waterfall Model, here objectives are determined with identifying possible obstacles and weighting alternative approaches.

Second Quadrant (II): the top right quadrant determines the different alternatives of the project risk analysis, and evaluates their task with each alternative eventually resolving them. Probable alternatives are inspected and associated risks are recognized. Resolutions of the project risks are evaluated, and prototyping is used wherever necessary.

Third Quadrant (III): the bottom right quadrant develops the system and this quadrant corresponds to the waterfall model with detailed requirements determined for the project.

Fourth Quadrant (IV): the bottom left quadrant plans the next phase development process, providing opportunity to analyze the results and feedback.

In each phase, it begins with a system design and terminates with the client reviewing the progress through prototyping.

The major advantage of the spiral model over the waterfall model is the advance approach on setting project objectives, project risk management and project planning into the overall development cycle. Additionally, another significant advantage is, the user can be given some of the functionality before the entire system is completed.

The spiral model addresses complexity of predetermined system performance by providing an iterative approach to system development, repeating the same activities in order to clarify


Famous Celebrities You Never Knew That Enjoy Model Trains and Railroading

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What has Johnny Cash, Winston Churchill, Eric Clapton, Phil Collins, Roger Daltrey, Joe DiMaggio, Rick Green, Gene Hackman, Tom Hanks, David Hasselhoff, Elton John, Michael Jordan, Frank Sinatra, Bruce Springsteen, Rod Stewart, Neil Young and Gary Coleman in common?

All these celebrities love watching miniature trains running around miniature mountains, rivers and towns.

In short, they are all train model addicts.

Johnny Cash, the American singer and songwriter, made TV commercials and recommendations for Lionel Trains in the 1970s.

Neil Young is part owner of Lionel trains.

Rod Stewart, in between getting into blondes and who know what else, spent considerable time and money on building train models. In fact, Rod's impressive replica of New York's Grand Central Station, complete with 100ft of tract, buildings and figures in 1940s period dress, graced the cover of Model Railroader in October 2007. An honor Rod claims to mean more than 'being on the cover of Rolling Stones. "


The late Gary Coleman is another aficionado of train models. In an online interview with ABC News, he said, "Currently I'm doing Lionel trains. I'm doing them as prototypically as possible, even though they are toy trains. I still like to do it as realistically as possible."

Gary Coleman also allegedly left his complete train collection to Allied Model Trains, The Original Whistle Stop and The Train Shack in LA So if you are a train modeller, you know you are in great company. You can even get Frank Sinatra's train layouts on DVD.

So what is the appeal of these toy trains?

First of all, they are not toys. Enthusiasts will tell you they are works of art. They are scaled down versions of the real thing. They operate like the real one. There is a sheer number of skills you need to master a working layout. You are a jack of all trades: a semi-competent carpenter, electrician, metalworker, painter, sculptor and designer all rolled into one.
There is also the joy of escapism. You can forget the business of living for hours on end while you pore over the plan for a perfect world, all of your own making.

And it's never complete. You just keep scouring for more things to add to your model to make it perfect. Adding a mountain here, a pond there, more tracks. The list is endless. It can take you years. Then, of course, there's the ultimate thrill of seeing your trains going round the track.

No wonder so many celebrities are hooked on model trains!

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How to Be a Plus-Size Model

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A very few modeling agencies recognize this growing potential in plus-sized modeling as well in the modern fashion industry of today. We have thus written this article to point out the key features in plus-size modeling, and how to become a plus sized model.

See if you Fit the Size Requirements

Generally in the western world super-sized models range from a height of about 170cm to 185cm, and a clothing size UK 10 -16. This range lowers a little in Singapore and the Asian market as the general population is generally lower in height and weight. However, these specifications are never followed very strictly and there are models outside of this category that lie outside of the criteria and yet are still successful. The specifications are stricter for fashion modeling rather than commercial modeling. But it is important to note that although they are called super sized models, they are not actually plus-sized in the conventional sense, but it is in the modeling sense when we compare with regular models they are slightly fuller in appearance.

Do Market Research on the Areas of Work in the Modeling Industry

Plus-size modeling is still considered a niche in the modeling industry and is more focused on specific areas such as editorials, catalog, online and print marketing, and advertising / promoting specialty brands and designs. There are still areas unexplored by this type of modeling such as runway modeling. There is heavy criticism and we hope the fashion industry changes to be more inclusive, however, if you want to start out in the curvy modeling industry as of now, you would need expertise and interest in the fields where such modeling is thriving.

Find the Right Agency

If you are interested, research and find out a few top modeling agencies. Know what their requirements are; Either submit your own photographs and apply to the agency yourself or keep you updated on the open casting calls.

Keep Fit and Healthy

As mentioned earlier keeping to the requirements of plus-sized modeling is not an easy act as well. As such, make sure to exercise, and have a good diet to maintain a naturally rich beauty. You would also have to do specific exercises to tone the body and keep your physique tight and appealing. Take appropriate actions to maintain your beauty (For example, clearing your skin and going for timely manicure or pedicure).

Most importantly a plus-sized model must embody confidence, even more so than regular models. There may be doubts or uncertainty as to whether you can succeed in such as niche sector in the industry, this where your confidence plays a role. Make sure you work on your poses and become more photogenic and comfortable in front of the camera.

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ADKAR Change Model – An Evaluation of Its Strengths and Weaknesses

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The ADKAR change model was first published by Prosci in 1998. Prosci is the recognized leader in business process design and change management research, and is the world's largest provider of change management and reengineering toolkits and benchmarking information.

Prosci's own research shows that problems with the people dimension of change is the most commonly cited reason for project failures.

And in terms of change management, study after study shows that 70% of all business initiatives where there is a significant change element [which is virtually all of them!] Fail to realise the envisaged benefits.

Summary of the ADKAR model

It is based on 2 basic ideas:

(1) It is people who change, not organizations.

(2) Successful change occurs when individual change matches the stages of organizational change.

For successful change to occur at the individual level people need to move through each of these stages:

Awareness of the need for change
Desire to make the change happen
Knowledge about how to change
Ability to implement new skills and behaviors
Reinforcement to retain the change once it has been made

For organisational change to be successful, these individual changes need to progress at or close to the same rate of progress through the business dimension of change.

Prosci define the business dimension of change as including these typical project elements:

– Business need or opportunity is identified
– Project is defined (scope and objectives)
– Business solution is designed (new processes, systems and organizational structure)
– New processes and systems are developed
– Solution is implemented into the organization

Evaluation of the AKBAR model

There are 2 quite different streams of thought that have shaped the practice of change management.

(1) The engineer's approach to business improvement with the focus on business process.

(2) The psychologist's approach to understanding human responses to change with the focus on people.

The single biggest reason for the astonishingly high 70% failure rate of ALL business change initiatives has been the over-emphasis on process rather than people – the failure to take full account of the impact of change on those people who are most impacted by it.

Closely allied to that reason is the lack of process to directly address the human aspects of change.

In my view their ADKAR model reveals the BPR background of Prosci and the engineers approach to business improvement, this is quite apparent in the language and tone of their description of the model and with their emphasis on management and process alone.

The clear strength of the model is that provides a useful management checklist of the phases of the transition.

The weaknesses, in my view, are as follows, the ADKAR model:

(1) Fails to distinguish between "incremental change" and "step change"

If the change involves any of these following factors then it will definitely need to be handled as a "step change" and treated as a specific initiative that sits outside of business as usual. The factors are: complexity, size, scope …


Types of Model Train Tables

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The model train needs a strong and sturdy surface to allow tracks to accommodate stationary and moving trains. The surface needs to be level, smooth, and support the weight of a train with its decorator items. The decorator items include buildings. Light poles, scenery, miniature people, animals, cars and trucks, and other accessories.

The model train can run on tracks that are placed onto wood or other flat supporting surfaces. When we receive our first train set we are not prepared with a platform. In our excitement to play with our new train, we place the tracks on the floor.

Do not place the tracks on scalloped designed or shaggy carpets. The unevenness or length of the fibers will cause the train to wreck or wheels to tangle in carpet threads.

The train table is home for a train display and power supplies .. It also serves as a convenient workbench for the operator or train conductor ..

There are prefabricated train tables available that can be assembled in a short amount of time, or you may choose to build a train table. Anyone who can handle a hammer or an electric drill can build a simple table with a sheet of plywood. Carpentry knowledge and skills are helpful to build more complex table setups.

A small train table measures 4 'x 8' with four legs between 32 "and 42" tall. The height of the table is determined by the operator for ease in working one or more trains while sitting or standing. This is a simple table to make and I recommend viewing "Lionel Building a Train Table" on YouTube for measurements and building details.

3 Table Types:

  1. Simple
  2. Wall-mounted
  3. Multi-deck


  1. Think and draw plans before starting to build. Plans are subject to change.
  2. Design table to allow future cut-aways or additions.
  3. Make both stationary and portable tables.
  4. Include spacing for scenery and props.

The simplest tabletop to make is to use the top of a discarded dresser top, piano, or coffee table and add 4 legs made from 2 "x 4" boards. Depending on the height of the table the legs will need cross braces for support. The braces discourage table from wobbling or vibrating while the train is in motion.

The wall-mounted and multi-deck types will require advanced carpentry skills.

There are many facets to this hobby. The two most important are carpentry and electrical knowledge. Setting up trains is an educational hobby and there is much to learn. This hobby is enjoyable and learning will be pleasurable.

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Collecta Arsinoitherium Model Reviewed

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The Collecta Arsinoitherium Model Reviewed

One of the more unusual prehistoric mammal models introduced this year is a replica of the bizarre and spectacular Arsinoitherium made by Collecta. Arsinoitherium was a member of a group of prehistoric mammals that evolved sometime in the Late Eocene epoch around thirty-five million years ago and survived into the Oligocene. As a group, they became extinct around twenty-seven million years ago, living no direct descendants today.

As Big as a Rhinoceros

Arsinoitherium is one of the largest members of this strange group of placental mammals. It was about the size of a modern-day White Rhino. It lived in Egypt and males weighed more than one tonne and reached lengths in excess of three and a half meters. Despite its huge bulk, this animal was a gentle browser, spending a lot of its time in water and feeding on soft vegetation.

Huge Horns on its Head

The most striking feature of Arsinoitherium were the two pairs of horns on its head. The first pair were very small, only a couple of inches in height and these were located at the back of the skull. The second pair of horns were situated over the eyes and they were so big that they blocked the animal's vision. It was unable to see straight ahead because of these huge horns. Some of these individual horns measure more than seventy centimetres in total length.

Original Scientific Description

In the original scientific description published at the beginning of the twentieth Century, it was proposed that Arsinoitherium was an ancestor of modern Rhinos, but in a later part of the academic paper, the author acknowledges that the bony horns are physically attached to the skull and as they are made of bone, these horns are completely different to the horns of extant Rhinos.

Collecta Arsinoitherium

The model measures eighteen centimetres in length and it represents a male. This replica forms part of the Collecta Deluxe range of prehistoric animal models and it is in approximately 1:20 scale. The air-brushing work and detail on the model is fantastic, from the carefully painted teeth in the jaws to the squiggly tail, this is a wonderful replica of an extinct, ancient mammal. It is great to see a figure of one of the more bizarre types of creature from the Cenozoic fossil record depicted in a model range from a mainstream model manufacturer.

Ideal for Collectors

It is likely that this model will become highly prized by fans and model collectors. It is also likely that due to the obscurity of Arsinoitherium, the model may soon be out of production and only stocked by specialist suppliers and companies. It is highly recommended.

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The Collecta Gastonia Dinosaur Model Reviewed

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Collecta Gastonia Dinosaur Model Reviewed

Collecta have added a model of the American dinosaur known as Gastonia to their prehistoric animal model range. The company, based in the Far East, has built up a strong reputation for making dinosaur toys and figures and this new Gastonia armored dinosaur is an excellent example of their craft.

The fossils of this plant-eating dinosaur that lived in the Cretaceous geological period were found in the same quarry as the formidable Dromaeosaur called Utahraptor. It is no wonder that this dinosaur was heavily armored as it needed to be, to withstand attacks from packs of Utahraptors, the largest "raptor-like" dinosaurs known from the fossil record.

Heavily Armored Dinosaur – Gastonia

At least four fossilized individuals have been described. As a result, Gastonia ( G. burgei ) is one of the best known of all the Early Cretaceous amoured dinosaurs and examples of reconstructions of this dinosaur can be seen in a number of museums in the United States. The genus name of this dinosaur honors Robert Gaston, an American palaeontologist who discovered the first bones of this prehistoric animal.

Gastonia Dinosaur Model

Measuring around thirteen centimetres in length this replica represents an animal that would have grown to be the length of a car and it would have weighed over a tonne. The model shows the sacral shield of armor over the hips and the rows of dangerous looking spikes and spines that covered this dinosaur's wide body. The head is triangular in shape and the mouth and beak quite narrow. Scientists think that this dinosaur that lived around 125 million years ago was probably an unfussy browser of low growing plants.

Slow-Moving Herbivore

This heavily armored dinosaur was probably quite slow-moving. It relied on its extensive armor to protect itself. The tail, which palaeontologists believe was lined with rows of triangular spines could have been swung backwards and forwards and would have made a formidable defensive weapon. The bony armor, spikes and scutes on the model have been very well created by the model making team. The paint color is predominantly brown with occasional black stripes. The bony armor itself has been cleverly painted an ivory color and there is lots of detail on the underside of the figure to be admired too.

Works Well with Other Collecta Replicas

This dinosaur model works well with other Collecta figures, including the Collecta Utahraptor dinosaur, so model fans can recreate a battle between this powerful herbivore and the fleet-footed, dangerous Utahraptor. All in all, this is a super, armored dinosaur model and it is one of the best dinosaur models of its type on the market.

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